NATIONAL ACADEMY OF TRADE
UNION RESEARCH AND EDUCATION (N.A.T.U.R.E.)
The trade union movement in India
has a history of over 125 years. The seeds of unionism were
sown along with freedom struggle. The Britishers who brought
the Industrial Revolution with them also brought in its ill-effects
such as exploitation of the labour class, discrimination between
men and women, hostile working conditions, perpetuation of child
labour etc., which gave rise to emergence of unions. The workforce
employed in Postal and Railway Departments as also in Textiles,
Jute and other industries organised trade unions and contributed
their mite to the freedom struggle.
The trade union movement in the Banking industry began in the
early 40's with the active support of Central Trade Unions.
The officers' organisations sprang up in the early 60's in State
Bank and other Banks. During the last 40 years, the officers
in the banking industry have consolidated their position and
built up a strong industry level organisation under the banner
The National Academy of Trade Union Research and Education is
a wing of All India State Bank Officers' Federation. The Federation
appointed a sub-committee for a review of its functioning and
make appropriate recommendations for widening our Trade union
activities. One of the recommendations was to set up an academy
exclusively devoted for development of the trade union activities.
The launching of NATURE in the year 1991 was in response to
the recommendations of the Sub-committee.
As a strong and militant organisation,
the Federation has played a predominant role in organising and
strengthening AIBOC. The Executive Committee of the Federation,
in one of its meetings observed that in the field of trade union
education and research, not much efforts have been made either
by the central trade unions or independent Federations. Need
was therefore felt for the unions in the organised sector like
banking to come forward to take up the work of education and
research in the sphere of trade union movement. Accordingly,
our Federation has set up an organisation to take up this responsibility.